CONCEPT OF KALA/Time in Ayurveda
Kala is ‘Bagavan’ having neither a beginning nor an
end. Everything in this universe is constantly undergoing changes. The change from an earlier condition to its succeeding condition is called Kala or in other words ‘parinama’. Everything in
this cosmos starting from the planets down to the minutest substance, undergoing changes or transformations follows some orderliness which can be recognized. The changes in the atmosphere which is called ‘seasons’ follow a definite order, so also the physical body of all living beings. These changes are inexorable goes on silently without break.
Kala is the cause for the birth and death of all living beings, for the disorders and excellence of the seasons,
properties of substances such as taste and potency, the disorders or excellence of strength of Dosha and the body.
It is the ultimate cause for the formation and destruction of all
things in the universe.
DIVISONS OF KALA
Based on the changes in the body and in the Doshas with the time, it is broadly divided into (Jaiva chakra)
& (Adhi Bouthika chakra).
JAIVA CHAKRA INCLUDE
ADHI BOUTHIKA CHAKRA INCLUDE
Vata is the predominant Dosha during old age. i.e. body generally undergoes catabolic changes .Pitta is predominant during middle age and during childhood body undergoes catabolic changes i.e. Kapha predominates.
The structural and functional aspects of changes in the body elements by the consumption of food included in this group. Kapha is the predominant Dosha at the commencement of digestion of food. Pitta is the predominant Dosha during the middle stage of digestion & Vata at the last stage of digestion of food.
Kala is divided in to & based on the solar solstice.
This also called . It include SISIRA,VASANTHA & GREESHMA ‘ritus’.
According to ‘Sakha varsha’ it include Magham,Phalgunam,Cha
According to Kolla varsha’,the Malayalam calendar it include
At this time the sun will be having very hot rays.By contact with hot rays of the sun,the air also become hot & dry,both together, dry up all the moisture of the earth & thereby make the bitter,astringent & pungent tastes more active & brings about debility in human beings & Vata is the predominant Dosha and generally Vata rogas predominate
during this period.
It is also called . It include Varsha, Sarath, Hemantha ‘ritus’ and include Sravana, Badram, Aswinam, Karthika in ‘Sakha’ calendar. In Malayalam it include Chingam, Kanni, Thulam, Vrischikam, Dhanu and Makaram.
In this season sun moves towards the southward direction, the moon is powerful producing cold and the atmosphere is pleasant. Kapha & Pitta doshas become dominant at this season.
Abhaktha:- It is the use of drug separately before
consumption of food
Prag bhaktha:- It is the use of drug just prior to food.
Madhya bhakhta:- It is the use of drug in the middle meal and
diseases of alimentary tract and diseases of
Adho bakta:- It is the use of the drug after the meal.
in diseases due to Vyana vayu it should
be after the morning meal.
Sabhaktha:- It is the use of drug by mixing with food.
Anthara bhaktha:- It is the use of drug at the mid day after the
break fast has digested and once again in
after noon after the digestion of mid day
Samudga:- It is the use of medicines twice,one just
before the meals and one just after the meals.
Muhurmuhu:- Use of drug frequently with or without food.
Sangrasa:- It is the taking of medicine with morsel of
Grasantara:- Taking of food after every meal.
Nisi :- Administration of drugs at night.